Treatment

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Acne Treatment

Acne

Acne

can be a very challenging issue

Often requiring interventions above and beyond prescription medications. Topical skin care products and chemicals peels can help reduce clogged pores and exfoliate the surface the skin. Laser and light treatment can help acne by targeting the overactive oil glands that are the root problem of acne.

Click on any tab below to understand the acne treatment process.

What`s Acne

Acne is a skin condition that occurs when your hair follicles become plugged with oil and dead skin cells. It causes
whiteheads, blackheads or pimples. Acne is most common among teenagers, though it affects people of all ages.

Effective acne treatments are available, but acne can be persistent. The pimples and bumps heal slowly, and when one
begins to go away, others seem to crop up.

Depending on its severity, acne can cause emotional distress and scar the skin. The earlier you start treatment, the
lower your risk of such problems.

What causes acne?

Four main factors cause acne:

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Excess Oil

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Hair Follicles

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Bacteria

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Inflammation

Acne is an inflammatory disorder of the skin, which has sebaceous (oil) glands that connects to the hair follicle,
which contains a fine hair. In healthy skin, the sebaceous glands make sebum that empties onto the skin surface
through the pore, which is an opening in the follicle. Keratinocytes a type of skin cell line the follicle

acne formation animation

Normally as the body sheds skin cells, the keratinocytes rise to the surface of the skin. When someone has acne, the
hair, sebum, and keratinocytes stick together inside the pore. This prevents the keratinocytes from shedding and
keeps the sebum from reaching the surface of the skin. The mixture of oil and cells allows bacteria that normally
live on the skin to grow in the plugged follicles and cause inflammation-swelling, redness, heat, and pain. When the
wall of the plugged follicle breaks down, it spills the bacteria, skin cells, and sebum into nearby skin, creating
lesions or pimples.

The following factors may increase your risk for developing acne:

  • Hormones. An increase in androgens, which are male sex hormones, may lead to acne. These
    increase in both boys and girls normally during puberty and cause the sebaceous glands to enlarge and make
    more sebum. Hormonal changes related to pregnancy can also cause acne.
  • Family history. Researchers believe that you may be more likely to get acne if your parents
    had acne.
  • Medications. Certain medications, such as medications that contain hormones,
    corticosteroids, and lithium, can cause acne.
  • Age. People of all ages can get acne, but it is more common in teens.

Acne can cause more than breakouts?

Some people dismiss acne as a skin condition that you’ll eventually outgrow, but it
can have a profound and lasting effect on someone’s life. Many people develop one or more of the following after
getting acne.

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Acne scars. When an acne breakout clears, it can leave a permanent scar. Some scars cause
depressions in the skin. Others are raised. It’s impossible to predict who will develop scars when the acne
clears, but the following increases your risk:

  • Living with acne for an extended amount of time because you don’t treat it or treatment doesn’t work
  • Having one or more close blood relatives who developed acne scars

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Dark spots on the skin. As an acne breakout clears, some people see a spot where the acne
once was. This completely flat spot can be pink, red, purple, black, or brown, and it’s often mistaken for a
permanent acne scar.

  • As the acne clears, it can leave long-lasting dark spots on the skin.

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Lower self-esteem. Research shows that acne can deflate one’s self-esteem, and
dermatologists see this in many patients who have acne. Lower self-esteem during the teen and early
adulthood years can negatively affect one’s life.

For example, lower self-esteem can prevent someone from pursuing a desired career, speaking up in class,
getting a part-time job, making friends, or dating.

Low self-esteem is also associated with anxiety and depression.

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Depression. Studies reveal that teens with acne have a higher risk of developing
depression, which may include thoughts of suicide, than do teens who have the occasional pimple.

This is why dermatologists recommend treating acne when it begins and continuing treatment to prevent new
breakouts.

Types of Acne

Whiteheads AcneDerm Page

Whitehead

A whitehead forms when excess oil and dead skin cells build up and plug the opening of a pore. This
causes a blemish that is raised and white or flesh colored.

Medical name: Closed comedo, which means “closed pore.”

Blackheads AcneDerm Page

Blackheads

This type of acne also develops when excess oil and dead skin cells build up inside a pore. As the
buildup accumulates, it widens the opening of the pore and you see a blackhead.

Medical name: Open comedo, which means “open pore.”

Pimples AcneDerm Page

Pimple

Sometimes excess oil, dead skin cells, and bacteria get trapped inside a pore. The bacteria, which are
normally found on our skin, can multiple quickly in the excess oil. As the pore fills with bacteria,
inflammation (swelling) develops and a pimple appears.

Medical name: If the pimple contains pus, it’s called a pustule. A pimple without pus
is called a papule.

Cysts AcneDerm Page

Acne Nodule or Cyst

When a pore fills with enough excess oil, dead skin cells, and bacteria to cause inflammation (swelling)
that goes deep into the skin, an acne nodule or cyst develops. Because these breakouts go deep into the
skin, they can feel tender or painful.

The main difference between an acne nodule and an acne cyst is that a cyst contains pus. Because nodules
don’t contain pus, they feel harder than cysts.

Is it time to see a dermatologist ?

It can be difficult to know when it’s time to see a specialist about acne. You may feel it’s just acne, so why
bother. Or you may believe that your acne’s not serious enough for you to see a doctor who specializes in skin
diseases.

The truth is many people with acne can benefit from seeing a dermatologist. You don’t have to have severe
acne.

Dr. Rostan’s

Early Acne Management Tips

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Why Early Diagnosis and Treatment Is Benefit Your Skin

  • Reduce scars
  • Get faster results from treatment
  • Stop lingering spots from developing when acne clears.
  • Prevent mild acne from becoming severe.
  • Decrease the likelihood you’ll need stronger acne medicine.
  • Avoid years of acne.
  • Sidestep emotional distress.

Tip & Benefits

Early Acne

Watch the Video

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Recommended Treatments

Acne & Oil Gland

Photodynamic Therapy (PDT)

Photodynamic Therapy (PDT)

Pain free light therapy used to kill acne causing bacteria inside the pores. Great to combine with peels
and extractions.

Learn More

Blue-U Light

Blue-U Light

Pain free light therapy used to kill acne causing bacteria inside the pores. Great to combine with peels
and extractions.

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More

AGNES

AGNES

Pain free light therapy used to kill acne causing bacteria inside the pores. Great to combine with peels
and extractions.

Learn More

Chemical Peel

Chemical Peel

Pain free light therapy used to kill acne causing bacteria inside the pores. Great to combine with peels
and extractions.

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Extractions

Extractions

Pain free light therapy used to kill acne causing bacteria inside the pores. Great to combine with peels
and extractions.

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HyraFacial

HyraFacial

Pain free light therapy used to kill acne causing bacteria inside the pores. Great to combine with peels
and extractions.

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ABOUT THE EXPERIENCE

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What To Expect

Do you continue to break out despite having tried several acne treatments? Are you convinced that nothing’s going to
work, but given time, the acne will clear on its own? You don’t have to wait. With the right treatment and skin
care, virtually everyone can see clearer skin.

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DIAGNOSE

During your appointment, a dermatologist will also note what types of acne you have and where the breakouts
appear on your skin. This helps your dermatologist create an effective treatment plan

Sometimes what looks like acne isn’t acne. While rare, what looks like acne can be another
condition.

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TREATMENT

The acne treatment plan that’s right for you depends on many considerations, including:

  • What type of acne you have
  • What age you are
  • Where the acne appears on your skin
  • What treatments you’ve already tried
  • When the breakouts started
  • Whether the acne has left you with dark spots or scars
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MANAGEMENT

Sometimes acne needs extra help
To help you get the best possible results from treatment, your dermatologist may also recommend adding one
of the following to your treatment plan.

Laser or light therapy: Studies show that laser and light devices can help to clear acne.
This type of treatment works best when combined with other acne treatment. Learn more: Lasers and lights:
How well do they treat acne?

A corticosteroid injection: If you have a large, extremely painful and deep acne breakout,
a dermatologist can inject it with a corticosteroid. This can rapidly relieve the pain and the size of the
breakout. While effective, this treatment is reserved for treating a few severe acne breakouts. Using it
more than a few times can cause side effects.

A healthy diet: Some studies suggest that what you eat can also help to give you clearer
skin. If you think that what you’re eating could be causing breakouts, be sure to find out what the research
shows. Learn more: Can the right diet get rid of acne?

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PREVENTATION

Acne friendly skin care helps you get the best results Skin care is so important that
without it you may not get the results you want. Even if you follow apply your acne treatment perfectly, new
breakouts can appear if you’re too rough on your skin.

You need gentle skin care to clear acne. If you’re scrubbing your face clean or washing it several times a
day, you’re irritating your skin. Any time you irritate acne-prone skin, it can lead to breakouts.

Real Patient Results

Acne PS before Acne PST before6
Acne Vbeam PDT before 1 Acne Vbeam PDT before6
LIp filler treatment - before LIp filler after

I have been receiving care at Charlotte Skin and Laser now for a few
years. My youthful days of playing in the sun and such have caught up with me. Dr. Rostan and her staff
are wonderful. Her PA, Diana is wonderful too.

Mark O., Google Review

Professional caring staff. Early convenient morning appointments &
Doctor Rostan is the best. She makes you very comfortable & every detail is performed w/ great care
and completeness.

Dianne A., Facebook Review

I have been a patient at Charlotte Skin & Laser for about nine
months, and so far it has been a wonderful experience. Dr. Rostan is very knowledgeable and strives to
get the best results for her patients.

Amber B., Google Review

Meet Dr. Rostan

Dr. Elizabeth Rostan, MD is board-certified by the American Board of Dermatology with specialized training in the field of laser surgery and dermatologic cosmetic surgery. She believes that the goal of every rejuvenation program should be to create natural results that make you look younger, healthier, and not overdone.

MORE ABOUT DR. ROSTAN

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Podcasts

Listen to Dr. Rostan as she discusses various dermatology issues.

Profound®

The Profound treatment is a nonsurgical alternative for treating facial wrinkles and the appearance of cellulite. It combines radiofrequency (RF) energy with ultrafine microneedles to renew your skin from within.

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ACNE FAQ

Can what I eat cause acne breakouts?

Generally, no.
The primary trigger of most cases of acne is the fluctuation of hormones. Hormones stimulate the oil glands to produce more sebum, which can block pores. Bacteria can then grow within the pores, causing them to become inflamed and break out.

That happens at times of major hormonal change, such as during the menstrual cycle, and during the teen years, no matter what you eat. So despite what your grandmother told you, eating too many potato chips won’t make you break out in pimples.

Should I stop wearing makeup if I have acne?

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Does acne mean I’m not keeping my face clean enough?

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IS IT TIME TO SEE A DERMATOLOGIST?

IS IT TIME TO SEE A DERMATOLOGIST?

Whether it’s a minor zit or a major breakout. It’s important to have regular check ups with a Dermatologist to help treat existing skin concerns, prevent the risk of skin cancer and educate on proper skin care product use.

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