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Acne

Acne

can be a very challenging issue

Often requiring interventions above and beyond prescription medications. Topical skin care products and chemicals peels can help reduce clogged pores and exfoliate the surface the skin. Laser and light treatment can help acne by targeting the overactive oil glands that are the root problem of acne.

Acne, Defined

What it looks like: Acne is a skin condition that occurs when pores become clogged with oil and
dead skin cells – leading to what are called comeodomes – whiteheads and blackheads. Overactive oil glands produce excess oil which builds up behind these clogged pores. Bacterial overload and inflammation cause pimples and cysts –and can lead to scarring if not treated early and aggressively. Acne is most common among teenagers – affecting up to 85% of teens – though it affects people of all ages.

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Who gets acne: People of all races and ages get acne. Nine out of ten people suffer from acne at some point in
time. It is most common in adolescents and young adults. For most people, acne tends to go away by the time they reach their thirties, however, some people continue to break out in their forties and fifties. Many women first experience acne in adulthood, while men usually develop acne as teenagers.

Why It Happens

Acne happens when pores become clogged -whiteheads and blackheads which are medically called closed and open comeodomes. Bacteria can build up behind a clogged pore and inflammation ensues creating pustules or pimples and cysts.

Causes Of Acne

Excess Oil | Bacteria | Hair Follicles | Inflammation
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What can make acne worse?

  1. Diet: High glycemic index foods, cow’s milk
  2. Stress
  3. Poor sleep
  4. Smoking
  5. Workouts: Sweating and occlusive sport gear
  6. Lack of good skin care and acne treatments

Long-term Effects

Some people dismiss acne as a skin condition that you’ll eventually outgrow, but acne can have a profound and
lasting effect on someone’s life. Many people develop one or more of the following after getting acne.

Acne Scars

Even when an acne breakout clears, it can leave a permanent skin changes. Skin scars from acne can be depressions, color changes – redness, darkness, and white areas or hypopigmentation, ice-pick like holes, loss of skin volume and even raised, thick scars. Early treatment and aggressive and appropriate treatment helps prevent scarring.

Dark Spots On The Skin

As an acne breakout clears, some people see a spot where the acne once was. Dark spots are more common in darker skin types.

Lower Self-Esteem

Research shows that acne can deflate one’s self-esteem. Lower self-esteem during the teen and early adulthood years can negatively affect one’s life.

Depression

Higher rates of depression are documented in individuals with acne.

Acne Dictionary

EARLY STAGE

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PIMPLESSEVERITY

1 sebaceous gland early stage pimples severity

This is the next step after whitehead and blackhead – these are clogged pores that are now raised, red, swollen and may be pus filled. Bacteria, which are found normally on our skin, have grown in excess numbers behind these clogged pores creating this redness, inflammation, and pus.

FIRST STAGE

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WHITEHEADSSEVERITY

2 Whiteheads or closed comeodome

Whiteheads or closed comeodome:
A clogged pore with no obvious skin opening and appears raised and white or flesh colored.

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BLACKHEADSSEVERITY

3 Blackheads or open comeodome

Blackheads or open comeodome:
A clogged pore with a skin opening that appears black and can enlarge the pore.

SECOND STAGE

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CYSTSSEVERITY

4 acne bacteria cysyts deeper inflammatory lesions

These are deeper inflammatory lesions that are often painful and can be quite large. Cyst can readily and quickly lead to scarring.

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BOILSSEVERITY

5 Pus Boils severity A painful pus filled bump that forms under your skin

A painful, pus-filled bump that forms under your skin when bacteria infect and inflame one or more of your hair follicles.

THIRD STAGE

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ACNE SCARSSEVERITY

8 Whiteheads or closed comeodome

Where the scars appear on your body. If you have taken isotretinoin to treat acne, be sure to tell your dermatologist before treatment for acne scars begins.

Is it time to see a dermatologist?

Acne is treatable, acne is manageable and for many – acne is curable. Dermatologists are trained professionals
who want you to achieve your best, most clear skin as soon as possible and without any scarring.

At Charlotte Skin & Laser, we are dedicated to helping you achieve clear, gorgeous, acne free skin through a
combination of prescription and non-prescription treatments customized personally for your skin.

There is help!

Empower yourself to treat your acne now!

Early acne treatment is essential! With early treatment you can potentially:

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Prevent scarring
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Get faster & better results from treatments
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Clear spots while preventing new spots
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Prevent severe acne
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Decrease the likelihood you’ll need stronger acne medicine
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Avoid years of acne

Related Acne Blogs

Get The Upper Hand On Acne – Tackle The Clogged Pores

All acne lesions start with what is called the micro-comedome which goes on to be a comedome or clogged pore. Comedomes form from upper skin

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5 Reasons Why You Should Purchase Your Skin Care Products from Your Dermatologist

With the skin care market growing out of control, patients are constantly faced with the decision of where to purchase their skin care products.

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Product Spotlight – Oxygenetix Acne Control Foundation

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Recommended Treatments

Acne & Oil Gland

Photodynamic Therapy (PDT)

Photodynamic Therapy (PDT)

Pain free light therapy used to kill acne causing bacteria inside the pores. Great to combine with peels and extractions.

Learn More

Blue-U Light

Blue-U Light

Pain free light therapy used to kill acne causing bacteria inside the pores. Great to combine with peels and extractions.

Learn
More

AGNES

AGNES

Pain free light therapy used to kill acne causing bacteria inside the pores. Great to combine with peels
and extractions.

Learn More

Chemical Peel

Chemical Peel

Pain free light therapy used to kill acne causing bacteria inside the pores. Great to combine with peels and extractions.

Learn
More

Extractions

Extractions

Pain free light therapy used to kill acne causing bacteria inside the pores. Great to combine with peels and extractions.

Learn
More

HyraFacial

HyraFacial

Pain free light therapy used to kill acne causing bacteria inside the pores. Great to combine with peels and extractions.

Learn
More

ABOUT THE EXPERIENCE

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What To Expect

Do you continue to break out despite having tried several acne treatments? Are you convinced that nothing’s going to work, but given time, the acne will clear on its own? You don’t have to wait. With the right treatment and skin care, virtually everyone can see clearer skin.

h
DIAGNOSE

During your appointment, a dermatologist will also note what types of acne you have and where the breakouts appear on your skin. This helps your dermatologist create an effective treatment plan

Sometimes what looks like acne isn’t acne. While rare, what looks like acne can be another condition.

TREATMENT

The acne treatment plan that’s right for you depends on many considerations, including:

  • What type of acne you have
  • What age you are
  • Where the acne appears on your skin
  • What treatments you’ve already tried
  • When the breakouts started
  • Whether the acne has left you with dark spots or scars
MANAGEMENT

Sometimes acne needs extra help
To help you get the best possible results from treatment, your dermatologist may also recommend adding one of the following to your treatment plan.

Laser or light therapy: Studies show that laser and light devices can help to clear acne.
This type of treatment works best when combined with other acne treatment. Learn more: Lasers and lights:
How well do they treat acne?

A corticosteroid injection: If you have a large, extremely painful and deep acne breakout, a dermatologist can inject it with a corticosteroid. This can rapidly relieve the pain and the size of the breakout. While effective, this treatment is reserved for treating a few severe acne breakouts. Using it more than a few times can cause side effects.

A healthy diet: Some studies suggest that what you eat can also help to give you clearer skin. If you think that what you’re eating could be causing breakouts, be sure to find out what the research shows. Learn more: Can the right diet get rid of acne?

PREVENTATION

Acne friendly skin care helps you get the best results Skin care is so important that without it you may not get the results you want. Even if you follow apply your acne treatment perfectly, new breakouts can appear if you’re too rough on your skin.

You need gentle skin care to clear acne. If you’re scrubbing your face clean or washing it several times a day, you’re irritating your skin. Any time you irritate acne-prone skin, it can lead to breakouts.

What our physicians..

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Clear skin and smaller pores

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Dr. Elizabeth Rostan, MD

Board-certified Dermatologist

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Real Patient Results

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Cystic Acne

AFTER 3 LASER TREATMENTS

LISTEN ABOUT THIS LIFE CHANGING RESULT

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Skin Concern

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Skin Concern

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What our they say..

hear patients experience

I have been receiving care at Charlotte Skin and Laser now for a few years. My youthful days of playing in the sun and such have caught up with me. Dr. Rostan and her staff are wonderful. Her PA, Diana is wonderful too.

Mark O., Google Review

Professional caring staff. Early convenient morning appointments & Doctor Rostan is the best. She makes you very comfortable & every detail is performed w/ great care and completeness.

Dianne A., Facebook Review

I have been a patient at Charlotte Skin & Laser for about nine months, and so far it has been a wonderful experience. Dr. Rostan is very knowledgeable and strives to
get the best results for her patients.

Amber B., Google Review

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ACNE FAQ

Will my acne ever go away?

For many people, treatment of acne is for most of their lifetime, but current therapies should make maintenance of clear skin with only an occasional blemish a possibility for most acne patients.

When should I see a dermatologist for acne treatments?

A visit to the dermatologist is recommended even for mild acne if it is not responding to over-the-counter acne treatments.

Certainly, if acne is progressing with lots of pustules and cysts, then a visit to a dermatologist is critical to get the acne under control before scarring occurs. Treat early to prevent worsening of acne and to prevent scarring and blemishes.

Why do some adults have acne?

Acne commonly occurs in adult women in fluctuation with menstrual cycles – this can be blamed on hormones and will likely respond well to hormone type treatment (birth control pill or spironolactone).

Hormonal types of IUD can cause acne due to excessive androgen levels delivered by the IUD (Mirena). Some people genetically are just prone to a lifetime of excessive oil that leads to acne. Occlusive clothing and gear can also cause acne breakouts and folliculitis.

Why does acne appear most often in teenagers?

Acne begins to show up during teenage years and is most common in teenagers due to higher levels of hormones which lead to oil production and inflammation and acne.

Does acne mean I’m not keeping my face clean enough?

No, acne is caused by a combination of skin cells sticking together clogging pores, excess oil production, overgrowth of skin bacteria and inflammation. Washing your face with a gentle cleanser or medicated/active ingredient cleanser twice daily however, is an essential part of your acne treatment.

Also, you may benefit from a cleansing pad or wipe before and after a workout to clear skin of dead skin cells, oil and dirt before sweating and/or wearing gear that occludes the skin

Should I stop wearing makeup if I have acne?

No, you can still wear makeup but follow these guidelines:
• Read labels! Look for “oil-free”, “won’t clog pores”, or “non-comedogenic” on the label.
• Remove makeup nightly and before workouts
• Clean makeup brushes frequently
• Use your acne topical skin treatments under makeup

Can what I eat cause breakouts?

A healthy balanced diet is ideal for healthy skin and body. Foods that have a high glycemic index – processed foods (chips), fast food, potatoes, bakery items (white breads, cakes), sweet cereal, sugary sodas and drinks – have been shown to worsen acne. Also all cow’s milk can worsen acne.

Recommended Products

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ACNE, OILY SKIN & BREAKOUTS

Dual Action Cleanser

with Glycolic Acid 5% and Sali
cylci Acid USP, 2%

Removes dead skin, clears pores and prevents new breakouts

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ADULT ACNE & CLOGGED PORES

SkinCeuticals Blemish + Age Defense

Salicylic Acid Acne Treatment

Reduces the formation of adult acne, and improves visible signs of aging

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BLACKHEADS, WHITEHEADS & BLEMISHES

ZO Skin Health Complexion Clearing Masque

10% Sulfur and Kaolin + Bentonite Clay

Natural, clay-based formula treats and prevents acne

IS IT TIME TO SEE A DERMATOLOGIST?

IS IT TIME TO SEE A DERMATOLOGIST?

Whether it’s a minor zit or a major breakout. It’s important to have regular check ups with a Dermatologist to help treat existing skin concerns, prevent the risk of skin cancer and educate on proper skin care product use.

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